Glossary

Active Implantable Medical Device

An "Active Implantable Medical Device" is an active medical device intended to be partially or wholly implanted by surgical or medical intervention in the human body or by medical intervention in the natural orifices of the human body and to remain in the body after the intervention.

Active medical device

An "active medical device" is a medical device whose functioning depends on a source of electrical or other energy other than the energy generated in the human body or gravity.

Anxiety disorders

A large group of mental disorders characterized by episodic or chronic uncontrolled anxiety, seizures of fear and panic, with or without connection to common activities.

Includes: Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Attention deficit and hyperactivity

The most common mental disorder in childhood, characterized by difficulty concentrating, easy abrasion, motor and speech liveliness, and impulsive actions

Bipolar disorder

Also called cyclophrenia and manic-depressive psychosis. Patients often go from depression to hyperactivity. A very small proportion of these patients would experience aggression and violence even if they do not receive systemic treatment. More often, in the depressive phase of the disease, an attack on one's own life is recorded.

Depression in the postnatal period

Often complication after birth. It is expressed with negative attitudes towards the newborn, unable to cope with the child's needs, feeling guilty, fatigue, insomnia, loss of appetite. Often, emotions and behaviors are morbidly altered, confused and non-synchronic with natural mothers' attitudes. Without treatment the sick woman can commit suicide or aggression against the child.

Disease prevalence

Disease prevalence is a combination of all existing diseases amongst the population, newly registered and existing at a given time or for a given period of time

Dispensarisation

"Dispensarisation" is a method of active search, diagnosis, treatment and periodic monitoring of patients with certain diseases

Eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia)

Compulsive fear of obesity and unreal (morbid) perception and self-esteem for appearance, refusal to recognize an issue of anxiously low weight. Mental illness with particularly high mortality (10-20%) as a result of severe injuries to body organs and systems caused by systemic starvation and induced vomiting.

Factors of the Living Environment

"Factors of the living environment" are: water intended for drinking and household purposes; bathing waters, mineral waters for drinking or for use for prophylactic, curative or hygienic purposes, noise and vibrations in residential, public and urban areas, ionizing radiation in residential, industrial and public buildings, non-ionizing radiation in residential , production, public buildings and urbanized areas, chemical factors and biological agents in sites with public use, resort resources, air.

Generic medicine

"Generic medicinal product" is a medicinal product which has the same qualitative and quantitative composition with respect to the active substances and the same formulation as the reference medicinal product and its bioequivalence with the reference medicinal product has been demonstrated by appropriate bioavailability studies. The various immediate-release oral dosage forms are considered to be the same dosage form. Various salts, esters, ethers, isomers, mixtures of isomers, complexes or derivatives of an active substance are considered to be the same active substance unless they differ significantly in safety and / or efficacy.

Health

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Health Insurance

Health insurance is an activity for the collection of health insurance contributions and bonuses, the management of the funds raised and their spending for the purchase of health activities, services and payment of goods provided for in this Act, in the National Framework Contracts (NFC) and in the insurance contracts.

Healthcare

The National Healthcare System includes the medical establishments under the Law on the Medical Institutions, the Health Establishments under this Act and the Law on Medicinal Products in Human Medicine, as well as the state, municipal and public bodies and institutions for organization, management and control of the activities for preservation and strengthening of the health.

Infant mortality

Neonatal mortality measures the number of deaths from day 0 to day 28 inlcuded of 1,000 live births.

Early neonatal mortality measures the number of deaths from day 0 to day 6 included of 1000 live births.

Late neonatal mortality measures the number of deaths from day 7 to day 28 of 1,000 live births (who have survived the 28th day).

- Perinatal mortality - birth-related mortality: dead fetus before birth starting at the 28th week of pregnancy (intrapartum) and infants during the first 7 days after birth (early neonatal). Perinatal mortality is calculated per 1000 live births.

Lethality

Lethality is an indicator that is determined by the ratio of the number of deaths per hundred sufferers.

Medical care

"Medical care" is a system of diagnostic, medical, rehabilitation and prophylactic activities provided by medical specialists.

Medicine

Medicinal product in human medicine is:

any substance or combination of substances presented as having properties for treatment or prophylaxis of human diseases; or

any substance or combination of substances that may be used or administered to humans in order to:

- restoring, correcting or modifying physiological functions by pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action, or

- making a medical diagnosis.

Morbidity

All emerging cases of illnesses or ill persons over a period of time among the population. It is calculated per 1000 people

Mortality of the population

The mortality rate indicates the number of deaths per 1 000 of the average population

Obligatory health insurance

Obligatory health insurance is an activity of management and spending of funds from obligatory health insurance contributions for the purchase of health care activities, which is carried out by the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) and by its territorial units - Regional Health Insurance Funds (RHIF). Obligatory health insurance provides a package of health activities guaranteed by NHIF budget.

Patient
a person who is under medical care or treatment.
Personality disorders

Deep-footed patterns of behavior, which are expressed in a permanently disabling social behavior. They are sustainable and cover many areas and aspects of behavior and social functioning. They are treated with psychotherapy.

Rare disease

"Rare disease" is a disease with a prevalence of no more than 5 in 10,000 people in the European Union.

Schizophrenia

A serious, chronic but medicine-controlled brain disease, which affects about 1% of the world's population. The beginning is most often in youth (18-25 years). Patients can hear voices with different messages and commands, see non-existent images and pictures, have unsettled and strange thoughts, and lose touch with reality (psychosis). If the disease is not treated, a small proportion of the patients may experience aggression. Only 4% of all aggressive actions are carried out by people with mental illness! Systemic and controlled treatment controls the illness and promotes the rehabilitation and resocialization of patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia does not mean a split personality.

Screening

Screening, in medicine, is a strategy used in a population to identify the possible presence of an as-yet-undiagnosed disease in individuals without signs or symptoms. This can include individuals with pre-symptomatic or unrecognized symptomatic disease. As such, screening tests are somewhat unusual in that they are performed on persons apparently in good health.

Terminally ill

"Terminally ill patients" are persons with progressive and incurable diseases where the use of treatment does not alter the unfavorable medical prognosis in terms of life expectancy.

Transplantation

Transplantation is a collection of medical and other activities related to the procurement of organs, tissues and cells from a human or animal carcase or from a live person and their transplantation to another person for healing purposes

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